Visas are required for all nationalities. Many countries can obtain one upon entry. However, citizens of some countries are required to obtain their visa from a consulate before arrival. Although most airlines can tell you whether one is required for your entry prior to arrival, it would be best to check with the nearest Egyptian consulate or embassy to be certain.
Normally no immunizations are required or needed. If you have recentrly been travelling in an area know to be experiencing problems you should obtain a health certificate before arrival. While in Egypt, drink filtered bottle water or mineral water. Also be sure to bring any prescriptions you might need. And don't forget to prepare for the "Pharaoh's Curse" with a bottle of imodium or similar. Be careful of fresh fruit juices as they may be diluted with local non-filtered water.
The local currency is the Egyptian Pound (LE). 1 LE = 100 Piaster. Banks are opened in major hotels for 24 hrs. Credit cards are widely used in major hotel & restaurants. Changes will be in Egyptian Pounds. The exchange rate floats and changes daily. You can check the current rate on the internet. You do not need to change money prior to arrival as most currencies are accepted by the banks. There are also a lot of cash-machines present.
The best season is from October through May, when the temperature in Cairoo in comfortable in the daytime, and cool or even cold at night. Weather in Upper Egypt, Luxor, Aswan and Abu Simbel is comfortably warm. During the summer months, Cairo is hot and dry, Upper Egypt is extremely hot. Sightseeing is then done only early in the morning.
||45/67 F 7/19 C
||52/76 F 11/24 C
||55/79 F 13/26 C
||59/89 F 15/32 C
||65/95 F 18/35 C
||72/101 F 22/38 C
||73/99 F 23/37 C
||80/110 F 27/43 C
||70/95 F 21/35 C
||76/105 F 24/41 C
||55/80 F 13/27 C
||60/89 F 16/32 C
Winter months: bring sweaters, a light coat or jacket for the cool Cairo evenings. Women should bring slacks and one evening dress for nightclub visits. Men should bring at least one warm jacket. Pack a bathing suit when visiting Luxor and Aswan on a Nile cruise.
Summer months: llight weight cotton clothing. A sweater for cool Cairo evenings.
At All Times
Modesty in clothing should be observed. Women should cover their arms when visiting mosques. Bring comfortable walking shoes for sightseeing and walking on desert sand. Sneakers are needed and no open sandals as it is sandy. Sunglasses as well as hats and scarves are recommended as protection against the strong sun. No shorts in the cities and women should never wear sleeveless blouses or shorts at any time. Beaches are like beaches all over the world, much more casual and laid back so shorts can be worn. While at hotels, wear a cover wrap to/from the pool if you have to go through the hotel to reach it.
220 volts, 50 cycles AC in Cairo. Wall plugs are the round, two pronged European type. No adapters or transformers are provided, so please bring you own.
The weekly resting day is Fridya. Islam is the principal religion of Egypt. So the "weekend" is generally Friday and Saturday. Sunday is a normal business day although a good percentage of the populatioin is Eastern Orthodox Christian. Islamic holidays are based on the lunar calendar and change annually. The Christian holidays are generally different from the Western ones. For instance, Christmas is at January 6. Tourist attractions (antiquity sites) are open every day except New Years day. Some sites that are of an active religious type (monasteries, mosques, etc) close for their appropriate Sabbath.